THE 17TH CENTURY-CONTINUED 1645-48.
When the treaty of peace was concluded between the Earl of Ormond and the Supreme Council at Kilkenny, the Nuncio and clergy denounced the transaction, and retired to Waterford, while Ormond advanced at the head of 1,000 foot and 500 horse to take possession of Kilkenny. This intelligence created much division in the Confederate army; and the three Leinster regiments of Hugh Mac Phelim O'Byrne, the troops of Colonel Wareinge, and Richard Butler, with the horse of MacThomas, declared for the Nuncio, who now sent a message to urge Owen Roc O'Neill to march upon Leinster. When the latter put his army in motion, Ormond left Kilkenny and made his escape to Dublin. O'Neill advanced to Kilkenny, and pitched his camp at Aghanaparky, where he was joined by the Nuncio.
The city was recovered for their party, and after a few days both entered it. The Supreme Council was superseded, and a new one was chosen, consisting of two laymen and one hishop from each province, the Nuncio being president, and the generals ex-officio members. It was resolved that General Preston should take possession of Carlow, while General O'Neill should wrest the garrisons of Leix, not yet sub-dued, from the enemy; and then both should unite their forces and march upon Dublin to take it from Ormond, who was planning to hand it over to the Parliamentarians. In Leix, Sir John Pigott, a captain of foot, held the castle of Dysart O'Lalor, formerly the main stronghold of the O'Lalor family. He had sixty musketeers to defend his possessions; and the castle was supposed to be strong enough and sufficiently provisioned to resist the Confederates. " Shew-ing himself so stiffnecked, the Catholic General (though his well-wisher) grew mighty discontented, and commanded Colonel Farrell and Colonel Roger McGuire's regiments to take that castle. With Pigott were six score musketeers, well appointed, the house strong enough as was thought for such a party. No sooner did this party arrive at the fort, and merely advancing, than a volley of shot issued from the castle, whereof one McAllen, a captain of Roger (p.525) McGuire's regiment, was killed; hereby growing discontent, advancing towards the haggard whence (as the ill-luck of the defendants would have it), the wind with a good blast did blow towards the castle, Farreli commanded to set the same on fire, the musketeers playing still on the enemy, the pikemen carrying on the points of their pikes lighted sheaves, throwing them as thick as hail into the castle windows, and thrusting armed men to oppose if any offered to quench the angry progress thereof, enkindled also the castle door through the grate, so that the defendants could act no service, were all smoked and returning to corners, as from the fury of both fire and sword, were slaughtered within before any entered the door, such outcries were heard within as if on doomsday. Bryen Oge O'Dwyne, a rank Puritan, a brother-in-law of said Pigott, and chief mover of his obstinacy, ran to the castle door, now balf-burnt, some of the assailants offering to enter, presented himself to Colonel Farrell, and begged his life; it being promised with all the danger of his own, defended him from the militia fury, who, rushing in, did butcher all that came in their way, both Pigott and others, except women and children, as by the General commanded under pain of death not to offer violence to either of these classes; 10 or 11 men were merci fully saved, under female disguise. The house was very rich, and in an instant rifled all for the common soldiers, or such as laboured most for it. Thus was Disert taken by force, Pigott and the wooden-legged minister being slain."
In the year 1577 or 1578, Robert Pigot obtained an extensive grant of lands in the parishes of Dysart Enos and of Kilteal, to hold by knight's service. It would seem, that he obtained other lands, tithes and rights of presentation to vicarages, which formerly belonged to Great Connall priory, as we find from the Irish Inquisitions. He built -or at least inhabited- the Castle of Dysert, the ruins of which are yet to be traced, not far removed from the old church of Dysert Enos. The extent of those possessions is fully set forth in a document drawn Up in the time of King James I., and printed in the Inquisitions, (13), from which it has been extracted.(14)
note13- It is thus headed, " Maryborough, 7th September, 1607: Robert Piggott of the Disarte in the Queen's County, Esq., by force of letters pattents, from our late soveraigne Queen Elizabeth, bearing date at Dublin the 16th of October, in the nineteenth year of her reign, is seized in fee of the castle, towne and lands of Desert, alias Disert, and of the hamlet of Rathbegg and Rahinhoylley, parcell of said towne and lands; and also of the townes and lands of Killteclogh, alias Kilteale, Ballykerrold, alias Ballycarroll, Cow-lame, the hamlets of Rahintowghan, Ballinreigh, and Ballipettecisk, Mollen-cknawar alias Mullinneknaw, the hamlet of Kilcromen, the towne and lands of Carrickneparke, alias Carryneparke, the hamlet of Clonedamphe, the towne and lands of coolkey, alias Cawlechreigh, and the hamlet of Keilnebrone, the town and lands of Dirry, alias Rainaspoke, alias Rabinaspickure, and the hamlet of Baillymoyne, the town and lands of Rahinepeske, alias Rahiniskdughmullegan, and Ballyclayder, the advow-son, &c., of the vickaradges of Kilteale and Disertenes, all which the said Roberte Pigott holdeth from His Majesty by virtute of the letters pattentes before mentioned, and by the yearlie rent of £9 11s. 6d., and four horsemen, and other services in said letters ex-pressed, and also by knighte's service.
The said lands are meared and bounded as foiloweth in the original :-The said Roberte, by indenture bearing date the 2d May 1605. hathe, together with his feoffees, demised unto Thomas Allen all his and their castles, howses, &c., scituate lieing and being within the villages of Carrickneparke, Kiltealagh, Ballecarrold, Cawlarane, and Roughin, for 61 years- John Wesley, late prior of the priory of Connall in the County Kildare, [ .] of fee, in right of said priory, of the rectory of Disert enes, and of all churches, tithes, &c., thereto belonging (which said rectory extendeth into two thirde partes of all the tiethes and alterages issuing out of the several townes and lands of Disert, Gra [ ] Rahineduif, the old mille, Ballinegorbane, Rahineneuske, Laughtieoge, Loughdruddnie, Munnegnave,and Coolekreagh), and of the presentacion of a viccar to the church of Disertenes aforesaid; the rectory of Kilteal (which said rectorie extendeth itself into the two thid partes of all the tiethes and alterages issuing out of the several towns and villages of Kilteale, Carrickneparke, Ballicarroll, Coolarne, Kilmartire, Kilpatrick, Killmorry, and Ballymadocke), and also of the presentacion of a vickar to the church of Kilteale; the rectory of [ .] which said rectory extendeth into the two third partes of [ ], and of the presentacion of a vickar, &c. as above; the rectorie of Noughwall, alias, Stradbally, together with all cherches, &c. to the said rectorie belonginge, and of the presenta-cion of a vickar in and to the church of [ ] to which vicare belongeth the other third parte of all the tithes aforesaid; and also of the rectory of Gallen, alias Disert-Gallen, together with all churches to the said rectory belonging which said rectory extendeth into the two partes of all the tithes, &c., issuinge out of the severall townes of Ballanekilly, Kilcronan, Kilmashane, Ralishe, Clogheoge, Killrush, Ballahan-carr, Castlemoat, Grage, Athanacrosse, Graghnahone, Gragnasmutten, Moyarde, Knoghorocroughan, Doghill, Bouley-begg, Leascocannan, Boulanabane, and Bullanageragh), together with all the other hamlets to the same belonging and also of the presentacion of a vickar to the church of Gallen alias Disert -Gallen aforesaid, to which vickar belongeth the other third parte of all the tiethes aforesaid; and ther belongeth to the rectory of Gallen aforesaid 5 great ackers of land, where of the vickar hath a third parte; the rectory of Aghatobret, together with all churches, chappells, &c., to the same belonging, and of the presentacion of a vickare to the church of Aghatobret, to whome belongeth the third part of all the tiethes of the said parsonage; the rectory of Clonekine, together with all churches, chapells, &c., to the same belonging, and also the presentacion of a vickare to the church of Clonkine, to whome belongeth the third parte of all the tiethes of the said parsonage; the rectory of Ballycullane, together with all churches, chapells, &c., to the same belonging, and also the presentacion of a vickar to the church of Ballicullane, to whom belongeth the third parte of the tiethes of the said parsonage; the rectory of Kilcolmanbane, together with all churches, chapells, &c., to the same belonging, and also the presenta-cion of a vickar to the church of Kil-colmanbane aforesaid, to whome be-longeth the third parte of all the tiethes of the said parsonage; all which severall rectories, above written, were appropriate to the prior and convent of the said priory of Connall." See "Inquisitionum Cancellariae Hiberniae Repertorium," vol. i., Lagenia, printed A.D. MDCCC., xxvi.
note14- We have lengthened out the contractiong, but blanks occur, where the deed became undecipherable. Most of the townland denominations are clearly traceable on the spot, yet not always on the Townland Maps of the Irish Ordnance Survey, The compilers of these seem never to have thought, that the local landlords' rent-rolls might have more fully and accurately furnished those existing known names, and with their proper admeasurements, which the officials have so carelessly suppressed.
e-mail received, may 16th, 2003
from Máirtín D'Alton, originally from Portarlington in Laois :
"By the way, the English representative 'Crosbie' was actually an Irishman from nearby Geashill masquerading as an Englishman. His name was Mac Crossan, whose family were hereditary Bards to the O'Dempsies of neighbouring Clanmaliroe (the area to the north of Feranolalor which includes Portarlington).
His family settled in Ardfert Abbey in Kerry as part of the settlement, and his family line went extinct in the 1780's, which is the reputed Irish curse for those who betray their country, and countrymen."
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